August 2014 - Safety and Health Program Management
The following are but a few of the many questions you should be asking yourself as an employer when implementing a Safety and Health Management program:
- How do I make my safety and health program better?
- What do I do to prevent injuries?
- How do I raise the level of my employee's safety awareness?
- Where do I go to obtain information and help?
The following are the basic elements of an effective employee safety and health program, not to be confused with the requirements of a Written workplace Safety Program.
A. MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT assigns safety and health responsibility and authority to supervisors and employees and hold them accountable. It includes policy formulation; program review; and encouragement of employee involvement.
B. WORKSITE ANALYSIS identifies current and potential hazards. It includes a thorough baseline survey, to review work processes and individual potential hazards; management of change (to deal with facilities; equipment; and the physical, economic and regulatory environment); job hazard analysis (written safe operating procedures for major tasks); a self-inspection program, using checklists to determine whether facilities and equipment are hazardous, and pairing inspectors to facilitate employee training and participation and to increase the possibility that new observers will find overlooked conditions; a system for reporting hazards; accident and incident investigation; and analysis of injuries and illnesses.
C. HAZARD PREVENTION AND CONTROL. Prevention consists of regular maintenance and housekeeping; emergency planning and preparation; first aid; ready access to emergency care; when required, medical surveillance; and, at the employer's option preventive healthcare (e.g., group health insurance, smoking cessation, and wellness programs). Control includes guards, enclosures, locks, protective equipment, safe work procedures (the result of job hazard analysis), and administrative placement of personnel so as to minimize hazards.
D. TRAINING of all personnel, from managers through supervisors to employees, about the hazards they may be exposed to, and their identification, prevention, and control. Managers and supervisors also need training in program management (e.g., enforcing rules, conducting drills). Training can demonstrate management leadership and facilitate employee involvement.
Safety Consultation and Training Section (SCATS) helps Nevada employers and employees create and maintain a safe and healthy workplace. SCATS is part of the Nevada Department of Business and Industry, Division of Industrial Relations.
For additional information about SCATS training programs, contact your nearest SCATS office or visit our website at www.4safenv.state.nv.us.